OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Regulatory Program Grants
The coal regulatory program is authorized by Title V of the Surface Mining Law. A state may choose to take over the regulation of surface coal mining operations ("primacy"). If it does the state must develop a plan for the program, which must be approved by the Secretary of the Interior. Functions of a state coal regulatory program include permitting, inspection of mine sites, enforcement of mining laws and regulations, and bond release after mining and reclamation is complete.
Distribution of Regulatory Grant Funds
Abandoned Mine Land (AML) Grants
The Abandoned Mine Land program is authorized in Title IV of the Surface Mining Law. States with an approved program, or specific Indian tribes, are eligible for Abandoned Mine Land grants. The funds come from fees paid by active coal mine operators on each ton of coal mined.
Distribution of Abandoned Mine Land Grant Funds
The U.S. Office of Surface Mining uses the Financial Assistance Manual to show how OSM and its grantees manage Federal grants.